Politics and government
The national government of South Africa is composed of a national Parliament (National Assembly) consisting of 400 members who get elected every five years by national election. The National Assembly passes and repeals national legislation, and is supposed to do so in accordance with the Constitution, which was passed in 1996 (Act 108). The number of seats a political party has in the National Assembly is calculated on the basis of how many votes it secured in the national election. The state president may serve a maximum of two terms of five years. Parliament is situated in Cape Town.
The most important political parties in South Africa are theAfrican National Congress (ANC) in alliance with the South African Communist Party (SACP), the Democratic Alliance (DA) and the Congress of the People (COPE). Other parties include the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), the United Democratic Movement (UDM) and the African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP).